Interior design is not just about wallpaper and paint. It looks at interior spaces in many places including homes, public buildings, hotels, offices, shops, restaurants, and other commercial properties. It is not always about creating a beautiful and functional space from new, it can also mean refurbishing or redesigning a space.
Interior design can be enduring or transient, many temporary situations require interiors designed. For example, an interior designed for a show house will only stay in situ until the house is sold. Pop-up businesses or mock-ups at exhibitions all need a temporary interior design. Interior designers are often used in film and television to provide consultancy on period interiors design or to create something unearthly and futuristic for a science fiction series.
Creative and technical skills are used in interior design. The key elements to any design are the use of space, colour, texture, light, and pattern. The design will be compiled by choosing a colour scheme and selecting other finishes such as floor coverings, furniture, fabrics, wall coverings, and light fittings. There may also be a theme to be adhered to depending on the project. If it is for a period property then researching the right colours and other kinds of interior finishes is part of the process.
Mood and well-being are affected by interior design. It has the potential to improve productivity in the workplace, and can be beneficial to health. A good interior makes a space look better and function efficiently. The theory of colour an essential tool for any interior designer and can be used to astonishing effect in different environments. While many architectural features such as ceiling height, views from windows and type of lighting can impact focus, alertness, relaxation and social intimacy, the application of the right colour scheme, well-designed furnishings, tactile objects and careful movement of light and space, can all make a huge difference to our feelings and emotions. This can be used to beneficial effect by commercial enterprises and interiors are used to draw consumers into a building. Every retailer knows that their premises have to be welcoming and inviting and appeal to their target customer, reflecting geography and demographic. The right custom interior based on a business’ products and consumers has a huge impact on sales figures. Interior design then is also a powerful marketing tool.
Unexpected use of materials in interior design can delight and surprise by original use of unexpected materials in a different way to make clever and agreeable features. Creative use of everyday objects or using a decorative item out of context can have impressive impact. For example ceiling tiles on a wall as a decorative feature or as a backdrop to a room is a clever twist on convention.
Interior design is holistic. It deals with our senses creating an atmosphere that is stimulating, relaxing or workmanlike and productive. It uses workable designs for functionality and takes into account health and safety issues, ergonomics, accessibility and efficient use of space. It pleases aesthetically with colour, form, textures, and style. Interiors can tell you a lot about the ambitions, personality, and taste of a person particularly in home environments. It is possible to add value to a property by clever interior design.